No breeding evidence. Since 1983, however, a breeding colony of Chilean Flamingos, accompanied by a few Greater and Caribbean Flamingos, has been established at Zwillbrocker Venn, at 750 m of the Dutch border in Germany near Winterwijk, Gelderland (maximum of 18 nests in 1994). Breeding was interrupted in 1996-2000 due to low water tables and heavy predation by rats and red foxes. In 2001, following the restoration of the main breeding island, six pairs bred successfully. Outside the breeding season, the birds are sighted mainly in The Netherlands (Lake IJsselmeer, Lauwersmeer, Delta area).
- SOVON Vogelonderzoek Nederland 2002. Atlas van de Nederlandse broedvogels 1998-2000. Nederlandse Fauna 5: 1-584. Nationaal Natuurhistorisch Museum Naturalis, KNNV Uitgeverij & European Invertebrate Survey-Nederland, Leiden.