The species reaches its northernmost limits in The Netherlands. The occurrence, therefore, is rather erratic. In 1998-2000 3, 8 and 31 territories were recorded, respectively. Most of these were located in the Delta area and, especially, Saeftinge, a 4000 ha saltmarsh. This area was also the stronghold during the colonisation of The Netherlands in the 1970s. Nests or young are difficult to detect, and confirmed breeding records are rare. Most birds are observed in July-September and are probably first-year males which usually do not survive the subsequent winter.
- SOVON Vogelonderzoek Nederland 2002. Atlas van de Nederlandse broedvogels 1998-20005: 1-584. Nationaal Natuurhistorisch Museum Naturalis, KNNV Uitgeverij & European Invertebrate Survey-Nederland, Leiden.