About ten breeding records have been reported during the 20th century, most recently in 1994. Despite a few records during breeding season in Zuid-Limburg, where most of the earlier breeding attempts took place, recent indications for breeding are lacking.
- SOVON Vogelonderzoek Nederland 2002. Atlas van de Nederlandse broedvogels 1998-2000. Nederlandse Fauna 5: 1-584. Nationaal Natuurhistorisch Museum Naturalis, KNNV Uitgeverij & European Invertebrate Survey-Nederland, Leiden.