One of the most numerous and most widely distributed species in The Netherlands. Breeding densities are highest in the lower parts of the country, especially in grassland areas and marshes on peat soils. Densities on arable land are lower, whereas those in the higher parts of the country are only a fraction of those in the west and north of the country. Nevertheless, the species was recorded as a breeding bird in nearly all atlas squares. Breeding numbers since the 1970s are generally stable (farmland) or slightly increasing (marshland). A decrease has been reported from coastal dunes, where habitat dried out due to increased drinking-water production. The national breeding population in 1998-2000 is estimated at 350,000-500,000 bp.
- SOVON Vogelonderzoek Nederland 2002. Atlas van de Nederlandse broedvogels 1998-2000. Nederlandse Fauna 5: 1-584. Nationaal Natuurhistorisch Museum Naturalis, KNNV Uitgeverij & European Invertebrate Survey-Nederland, Leiden.