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Alpenwatersalamander Ichthyosaura alpestris

Foto: Henk van Woerden


Salamandridae [familie]
Ichthyosaura [genus] (1/1)
alpestris [soort]


Most populations of the Alpine newt are found in the provinces of Noord-Brabant and Limburg. The species is also present in the provinces of Drenthe, Zeeland (southern part: Zeeuws-Vlaanderen) and Gelderland (extreme south-east, around the city of Nijmegen).


The Alpine newt is listed on the Red List as not threatened. It is moderately protected under Dutch legislation and is listed on the Bern Convention (Annex iii). The range of the Alpine newt has been more or less stable since 1950. Special management for this species is not necessary. Recent pond creation schemes, mostly aimed at rarer species, have led to local and regional increases. The recent substantial decrease of the acidity of many moorland pools will most probably have a positive effect on this newt.


In Europe the Alpine newt is considered to be the newt species where neoteny is most common. In the Netherlands, however, neoteny is very rare amongst this species.



Delft, J.J.C.W. van


  • Creemers, R.C.M. & J.J.C.W. van Delft 2009. De amfibieĆ«n en reptielen van Nederland. Nederlandse Fauna 9. Nationaal Natuurhistorisch Museum Naturalis, KNNV Uitgeverij & European Invertebrate Survey-Nederland, Leiden.