Gomphus vulgatissimus is a rare species in The Netherlands. It suffered a strong decline in the past century and is therefore classified as endangered in the Red List. In the 1980s and the early 1990s it was on the verge of extinction with only one remaining population. Since the mid-1990s the number of populations has increased and today it is present in most of its former range in the east and south of the country. The species mainly inhabits larger streams, including slow-flowing canalised streams, but is also found in rivers. Its recent increase is thought to be largely due to the improvement of water quality.
Ketelaar, R., Kurstjens, G.
- Nederlandse Vereniging voor Libellenstudie 2002. De Nederlandse libellen (Odonata). Nederlandse Fauna 4: 1-440. Nationaal Natuurhistorisch Museum Naturalis, KNNV Uitgeverij & European Invertebrate Survey-Nederland, Leiden.