Calopteryx splendens is a locally common species, occurring mostly in the east and south of The Netherlands; it is largely absent from the west and north, although vagrant males are frequently seen. The species has recovered remarkably from a decline, which was at its deepest point in the 1970s. This decline was due to canalisation of streams and water pollution. Particularly water pollution has been reduced in the last decades. Habitats include all types of running waters, from small streams to canals. In recent years it has also been found locally along wider rivers.
- Nederlandse Vereniging voor Libellenstudie 2002. De Nederlandse libellen (Odonata). Nederlandse Fauna 4: 1-440. Nationaal Natuurhistorisch Museum Naturalis, KNNV Uitgeverij & European Invertebrate Survey-Nederland, Leiden.